An important aspect of the vocational educational training programmes consists of working and learning by practice, known as work placement. We differentiate between practice placements and apprenticeships.
Students taking daily education in the school-based pathway look for a practice placement with companies in the region. A practice placement period lasts for a few weeks or a few months and ultimately accounts for 20 to 60% of the total training time. The work placement company usually pays a practice placement allowance, but this depends on the company's collective bargaining agreement.
Students taking a study programme in the work-based pathway look for an apprenticeship with companies in the region for at least 60% of the total training time. They usually work for four days and spend one day a week at school. The company generally concludes an employment contract with the student, and the student receives a salary. It is also possible for the company to 'hire' the student via a joint venture of companies that jointly provide training for entry-level professionals.