An important aspect of vocational education and training consists of working and learning in practice, known as work placement. We differentiate between practice placements and apprenticeships.
Students in the school-based pathway follow daily education and look for an available practice placement with companies themselves. A practice placement period can last for a few weeks to a few months and accounts for 20 to 60 percent of their education. Students usually receive financial compensation from the work placement company, but this depends on the company's collective labour agreement.
Students in the work-based pathway look for an apprenticeship within a company, which accounts for at least 60% of the total education time. They usually work four days and spend one day a week at school. Students usually get a formal labour contract with the company and receive a salary. It is also possible for companies to 'hire' a student through a joint venture of companies that together provide training for entry-level professionals.